Knowing what to expect from your child will help you in many ways. If you're worried that they're not reaching some milestones, you can tell your doctor. In addition, if you know what skills to expect at a specific age, you can be sure to take steps to keep your child safe (for example, keeping dangerous objects out of reach before the baby starts crawling). Skills such as taking a first step, smiling for the first time, and saying goodbye are called developmental milestones.
Children reach milestones in the way they play, learn, talk, behave, and move (e.g. crawling and walking). children develop at their own pace, so it is impossible to know exactly when a child will learn a certain skill. However, developmental milestones give an overview of what changes are expected as a child grows.
Parents, grandparents, early childhood care providers, and other caregivers can participate in developmental monitoring, which watches how their child grows and changes over time and if their child meets typical developmental milestones by playing, learning, talking, behaving, and moving. Missing a milestone could be a sign of a problem, so when you take your child to a follow-up visit, the doctor, nurse, or other specialist may give your child a brief test or you will complete a questionnaire about your child. Your child may also be able to work things out if another child doesn't want to play a particular game. However, tell your pediatrician if your child has any of the following signs of possible developmental delay for this age range.
Rules games sometimes challenge your 6-year-old, and your child may even accuse others of cheating sometimes. In addition, special growth charts may be used for children with certain conditions, such as Down syndrome, or who were born prematurely. While the developmental milestones listed in this book will give you a general idea of the changes you can expect as your child grows, don't be alarmed if his development follows a slightly different course. If you are concerned about your child's development or if he seems to be lagging behind in more than one of the areas listed below, talk to your doctor.
You will hear your child use full, complex sentences and have adult conversations, although it may still be difficult for him to describe complex ideas or events. Your child is proud of his own accomplishments, wants your approval, and probably won't get along with criticism or discipline. Here is a list of accomplishments and behaviors that are typical of younger children in three age groups: infants, toddlers, and preschoolers. Your child can learn to ride a bicycle, jump rope, balance on one foot for a short period of time, walk downstairs without holding his hand, jumping and catching a big ball.
If the screening tool identifies an area of concern, a formal developmental assessment may be necessary, in which a trained specialist analyzes the child's development in depth. Your child understands simple concepts such as time (today, tomorrow, yesterday), knows the seasons of the year, recognizes some words with the naked eye, and tries to pronounce the words. As infants and children progress through a series of stages of growth, they may encounter common physical or emotional challenges.