The five stages of child development include the stages of newborn, infant, toddler, preschool, and school age. Children experience various changes in terms of physical, speech, intellectual and cognitive development gradually until adolescence. Specific changes occur at specific ages in life. Skills such as taking a first step, smiling for the first time and saying goodbye are called developmental milestones.
Children reach milestones in the way they play, learn, talk, act and move. It is increasingly recognized in policy, research and clinical practice communities that early and middle childhood provide the physical, cognitive and socio-emotional foundation for lifelong health, learning and well-being. Early childhood, middle childhood and adolescence represent the 3 stages of child development. Each phase is organized around the main development tasks for that period.
Developmental milestones are behaviors that mark the stages of typical growth. All children develop at their own pace. However, most children go through specific changes around the same time they grow up. Studies have shown that children who were not provided with enough mental stimulation are prone to behavioral problems, low self-esteem, poor attention, and insecurities that can last well beyond childhood.
Strong parent-child bonds, good nutrition, adequate sleep, and a safe and nurturing environment at home and school will help ensure that children have the best chance of developing as they should. If children do not meet expected milestones, a health care provider may evaluate them for developmental delays. Development tends to occur in the same order for all children (for example, you have to learn to stand before learning to walk), but the deadline is flexible. Although each baby develops in their own individual way and at their own pace, failure to reach certain milestones may indicate medical or developmental problems that require special attention.
Erikson's developmental stages are a way to look at how your child develops from birth to adulthood. A study suggests that some babies who develop ASD are already showing differences in social communication as early as 9 months. Many parents believe that playing “educational” games or watching “educational” television for hours every day helps develop children's cognitive and communication skills. Developmental milestones will give you a general idea of what changes you can expect as your child grows up, but don't be alarmed if he's following a slightly different course.
Growth and development include not only the physical changes that occur from infancy through adolescence, but also some of the changes in emotions, personality, behavior, thinking, and speech that children develop as they begin to understand and interact with the world around them. Your child's doctor can evaluate your child for any developmental delay using validated screening tools at or between follow-up visits. It aims to help parents and people working with children understand what to expect, so that they can identify any delays or problems and provide them with appropriate support accordingly. During an evaluation, the health care provider may ask you questions, interact with your child, or perform tests to learn more about what your child can and cannot do yet.
Because each child develops at his own pace, it is impossible to know exactly when his or her own will hone a certain skill. Early childhood (birth to age), middle childhood (6 to 1 years) and adolescence (13 to 1 years) are the three main stages of child development. .