Your child may notice pain at the injection site (upper arm) and feel more tired than usual. It is also possible to have a headache, muscle or joint pain, and even fever and chills. These side effects are usually temporary and usually go away within 48 hours. Parents not only worry about how the COVID-19 vaccine may affect their children, but also how it may affect themselves.
Since COVID-19 vaccines were recommended for everyone 5 years and older, millions of children and teens have been vaccinated safely. Now, to keep as many children protected as possible, a booster dose is recommended for more children and adolescents. Everyone ages 12 to 17 should get a booster shot if it has been at least five months since they received their second COVID vaccine. Reinforcements help expand and strengthen protection against omicron and other variants of the virus that cause COVID-19 disease.
Whether you are the parent of a teenager or a child of elementary school age, you probably have questions about vaccination and booster. And the most important thing for many parents is how we know it's safe for children. Here are the answers to some common questions about the science behind the COVID-19 vaccine. The COVID-19 vaccine works similar to other vaccines your child has received.
Germs such as SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, invade and multiply inside the body. The vaccine helps stop this by teaching the immune system to recognize and produce antibodies that fight the virus. Children and teens who receive the vaccine and booster are better protected. If they get infected, they probably won't get as sick as they would without the vaccine or booster.
They are also much less likely to be hospitalized if they get the virus. At this time, children and adolescents ages 5 to under 18 in the U.S. UU. You can only receive the mRNA COVID-19 vaccine from Pfizer BioNTech.
mRNA vaccines against COVID-19 contain messenger RNA (mRNA), which is made up of nucleic acids. Nucleic acids, found naturally in all our cells, instruct them to produce proteins. The vaccine mRNA contains instructions, given within a lipid (fat) layer, that instructs cells to produce harmless pieces of spike protein. These look like spikes in the real COVID virus.
When cells produce these pieces of spike protein, the immune system recognizes that they shouldn't be there. Your child's body then produces antibodies that remove the pieces of the spike. These antibodies remind you how to protect your child from the virus in the future. Although the widespread use of mRNA vaccines is new, this technology has been studied for decades.
mRNA vaccines do not contain any live or dead parts of the virus. Viral vector vaccines also give instructions to immune cells. The instructions are carried on a harmless virus that has been changed, so it can not be copied, spread and make your child sick. The mRNA vaccines are given in a series of two doses.
A single booster dose of Pfizer vaccine is authorized for children aged 12 to 17 years at least 5 months after the second dose of the vaccine. The viral vector vaccine in the United States is given in one dose to people over 18 years of age. A booster dose of Johnson %26 Johnson mRNA vaccine is recommended at least two months after the first dose. A third dose is recommended for children and adolescents (5 years of age and older) who have medical conditions or who are taking medications that weaken the immune system.
The third dose is given at least 28 days after the second dose of the vaccine. Vaccines are still being closely monitored. In fact, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says COVID-19 vaccines will have the most intensive safety monitoring in the U.S. Mack said the data are also being closely analyzed by pediatricians and epidemiologists.
I hope people understand that. CDC is monitoring VAERS for reports of serious problems after vaccination, but considers them rare. Mack said minor and short-term reactions are what parents should prepare for. You may also have a fever, fatigue, or things like that for a short time.
Their big concern is that parental reluctance means that too few children get vaccinated, leaving them at risk of contracting COVID. I anticipate that it will be even less than what we currently have in older children. We are still sitting in 30% of our 12- to 19-year-old children who are fully vaccinated against COVID in this state. Reported side effects are like those experienced after vaccinations.
Side effects may affect your child's ability to perform daily activities, but they should go away within a few days. Side effects are more common after the second injection. Some children have no side effects. The FDA also looked early on at COVID-19 cases that occurred a week after children received a second dose of the vaccine.
If your child tests positive for COVID-19 after receiving the first vaccine, you must wait until their isolation period ends before receiving the second vaccine. Reports of changes in the menstrual cycle after getting vaccinated have also fueled concerns about future infertility. The Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine for children ages 5 to 11 has the same active ingredients as the vaccine given to people 12 and older, but contains a lower dose (10 micrograms) than the vaccine used for older children and adults (30 micrograms). According to historical vaccine data, most adverse effects occur within the first 6 weeks of vaccination and long-term negative effects are unlikely.
This transmission also provides the potential for the virus to mutate further and create a new variant that could be more infectious or resistant to available vaccines and therapies. UU. To find local doctors' offices, pharmacies, health care clinics, and local health departments where COVID-19 vaccine is available for eligible children. Tens of millions of children and adolescents ages 5 to 17 have received a first dose of the COVID-19 vaccine, and ongoing safety monitoring shows that COVID-19 vaccination remains safe for children and adolescents.
As a result, approximately 40,000 children developed abortive polio from the vaccine; 164 were permanently paralyzed and 10 died. Before recommending COVID-19 vaccination for children, scientists conducted clinical trials with thousands of children to make sure vaccination was safe and effective. But what if a child wants to get vaccinated? Often, it all comes down to parental consent for minors, although even that depends on state laws. Getting vaccinated against COVID-19 can protect the child and others, reducing the likelihood that they will transmit the virus to others, including family and friends who may be more susceptible to the serious consequences of infection.
Getting a COVID-19 vaccine can also help keep your child in school and safer, play dates, and participate in sports and other group activities. Now that children ages 5 to 11 are approved for vaccination, both the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) are urging parents to vaccinate their children. Some of the children in each age group were monitored for safety for at least two months after receiving the second dose of the COVID-19 vaccine. .