Child Psychology · Erik Erikson Stages of · Sociocultural Theory · Cognitive Theory According to Freud's psychosexual theory, child development occurs in a series of stages focusing on different areas of pleasure of the body. During each stage, the child faces conflicts that play an important role in the course of development. Unlike many other developmental theories, Erik Erikson's psychosocial theory focuses on lifelong development. At each stage, children and adults face a developmental crisis that constitutes a major turning point.
Behavioral theories of child development focus on how environmental interaction influences behavior and are based on the theories of theorists such as John B. These theories refer only to observable behaviors. Development is seen as a reaction to rewards, punishments, encouragement and reinforcement. Cognitive theory deals with the development of a person's thought processes.
It also analyzes how these thought processes influence the way we understand the world and interact with it. Find fun things to do on campus, from student organizations, volunteering and concerts to scholarships, employment and counseling. Broadly speaking, these theories can be classified as emotional, cognitive and moral. Erik Erikson developed the most common theories of emotional development.
Jean Piaget developed the most common theories of cognitive development. And Lawrence Kohlberg developed the dominant theories of moral development. Bandura's theory of child development suggests that observation plays a fundamental role in learning, but this observation does not necessarily have to take the form of observing a live model. Montessori highlighted that children learn better by using their senses and pursuing their interests, rather than forcing them to learn what is expected.
The child's personality and behavior will influence the way people in the environment will interact with that child. When you are good at a task, you like to complete that task or similar tasks and, therefore, you are more likely to continue to develop and develop your skills in that area and to be even better. Failure to progress through a stage may result in a fixation at that point in development, which Freud believed could influence adult behavior. National institutes have done a great deal of research that can help us understand child development and the factors that contribute to it during a child's lifetime.
But because there are so many factors that influence a child's development and so many questions about what influences child development, many different theories have been postulated on this topic over the years. He also believes that interactions between environmental factors could affect a child's development. In Bowlby's attachment theory, he stated that much of child development is based on children's innate need to form attachments. According to Freud's psychosexual theory, child development occurs in a series of stages focused on different areas of pleasure of the body.
As in any other scientific discipline, theories such as these are some of the fundamental pillars of psychology and the study of child development. Erikson saw the world as a series of developmental crises of the same age, and he conceptualized these crises as binary and competing values. The most recent theories describe the developmental stages of children and identify the typical ages at which these growth milestones occur. Gil Noam, an internationally known Harvard developmental psychologist, has also pointed out that Erickson seemed to be skipping an important stage between the values of competition and fidelity.
Children start life with genetic factors that can affect their cognitive and emotional development. .